The Sinharaja Rain Forest situated in the southern province of Sri Lanka is 141 km from the Bandaranaike International Airport. This important biodiversity hotspot with its tropical wet evergreen forest and high endemism is recognized as a UNESCO designated World Heritage site. This virgin forest reserve covering an area of 8,864 hectares is one of the last remaining lowland rainforest areas in the country. Here more than 60% of the trees and 95% of birds are endemic with 50% endemism amongst mammals and butterflies; amongst which are rare, threatened and near extinction species. Some of the larger mammals to be seen here are Leopard, Sambar, Monkey, Fishing Cat, Barking Deer, Jackal and Wild boar. The birds include Ceylon Lorikeet, Layard's parakeet, the rare Sri Lanka Blue Magpie, Red faced Malkoha and Legge's flower-pecker. There are also plenty of smaller endemic mammals, reptiles and amphibian species to be found here.